Until comparatively recently, smallpox was a real threat in the British Isles. Vaccination against smallpox was introduced widely in the beginning of the 19th century and made compulsory in 1853, with more stringent provisions being introduced in 1867, 1871 and 1874.
In order to ensure that all children were vaccinated, lists were compiled from the birth registration lists by the Vaccination Officer. The lists were organised within districts, and then divided into sub-districts. For example, Chertsey Registration District is subdivided into Chertsey, Chobham and Walton on Thames.
In one register there are a couple of pages entitled 'The Vaccination Acts, 1867 and 1871', and subtitled 'Notice of the Requirement of Vaccination'. There is a letter giving notice that the names child is required to be vaccinated at clinic before the child is three months old, in compliance with the Acts. Penalty for non-attendance was a fine of twenty shillings.
Most children were visited between one and two months old and vaccinated accordingly. An appointment could be postponed to a later date if and only if the child is not in a fit state to be vaccinated, in which case, once the child is restored to health, it was to attend the next Public Vaccination (clinic). This explains why a few children visit the clinic at greater than three months old, but most are one month or two months old.
Surviving vaccination lists generally give at least the following information:
- The name of the child
- The name of the father (if another surname was recorded it may have been the surname of child and is given in brackets)
- The place of birth
- The father's occupation
Not all the entries are easy to read and if we have found alternative possible spellings they are given in [square brackets]. Where the child's first name was not completed, we have added girl or boy to the index. There are also occurrences of identical names, suggesting that the child attended for a second vaccination after a few months.
The registers contain a few handwritten letters concerning the children and these have been noted. One child had to be re-registered because the vaccination officer had mislaid the original registration details. Another child's vaccination was postponed because they were living in the north of England. Once settled in Walton the father brought the child in to be vaccinated.
Interesting entries in the registers include Margaret, daughter of His Royal Highness Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn in the Chobham sub-district (SHC ref BG1/63/7) and the first register has an entry for a Florence Nightingale. However, this is not the famous one – she was born in Tuscany not Chertsey! However, it would be nice to think she was named after this famous nurse.
As always, indexing is a very subjective thing and, if you recognise any transcription errors, please let us know.
To search the index to the Chertsey (BG1/63/-), Dorking (BG2/63/-), Farnham (BG4/63/-) and Kingston (BG6/63/-) Poor Law Union vaccination registers, simply select the filenames below:
Files available to download
BG1/63/1-8 Chertsey Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1872-1888 Surname Order (PDF)
Vaccination registers for Chertsey, Walton on Thames and Chobham sub-districts
BG1/63/1-8 Chertsey Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1872-1888 (PDF)
Chertsey registers. Note this is a large file.
BG2/63/1-4 Dorking Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1889-1909 Surname Order (PDF)
Dorking registers in surname order. Note this is a large file.
BG2/63/1-4 Dorking Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1889-1909 (PDF)
Dorking registers. Note this is a large file.
BG4/63/1-4 Farnham Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1895-1902 Surname Order (PDF)
Farnham registers in surname order
BG4/63/1-4 Farnham Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1895-1902 (PDF)
BG8/63/1-4 Kingston Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1893-1896 Surname Order (PDF)
Kingston registers in surname order
BG8/63/1-4 Kingston Poor Law Union vaccination registers 1893-1896 (PDF)