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Fire doors

Fire doors are designed to contain a fire to a single compartment within a building, reducing the risk of fire and smoke to those persons occupying adjacent compartments. When fitted and maintained correctly, fire doors help to protect both people and property from the effects of fire.


  • Fire doors should be installed to current standards BS 476: Part 22: 1987 (British Standard) BS EN 1634-1: 2008 (European Normative Standard)
  • Fire doors should be installed and maintained by a competent person.
  • A fire door should only be installed with certificated components that will ensure it achieves the required fire rating.


  • As part of the fire risk assessment, a maintenance programme should be implemented to ensure fire doors are in satisfactory working order.

Once installed

  • Fire doors should never be tied open or held open by unapproved devices, such as door wedges and blocks.
  • Where appropriate, fire doors may be held open by a device that automatically releases when the fire alarm is activated (such as an electromagnetic hold open device). This should be identified in the fire risk assessment for the building.
  • Fixtures and fittings (such as self-closing devices) must not be tampered with or removed once a fire door is installed. This will compromise the integrity of the door set.