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Childcare provision for a child with a special educational need or disability

Childcare providers have a legal duty to offer extra support to meet the needs of a child with a disability under the Equality Act 2010. This might include installing a ramp to allow wheelchair access to their premises or training staff to use special equipment.

They are not allowed to treat a child 'less favourably' because of their disability and must 'make reasonable adjustments' to meet the needs of children with SEND. They cannot charge more for a disabled child to attend their setting.

They must also take into account the Special Educational Needs (SEN) Code of Practice, which requires them to meet the needs of children with special educational needs.

Most providers will have a nominated special educational needs coordinator (SENCO) on their staff, who will be able to discuss what's right for you and your child.

They will also be able to apply to Surrey to access additional support and funding to help pay for extra staff, training or resources that have been identified as necessary to allow your child to attend their setting.


Questions to ask your childcare provider

When you're visiting a childcare provider you'll probably have your own questions, but you might find our suggestions below a helpful starting point:

  • What qualifications and/or training do the staff have, and will these be suitable for your child's needs?
  • Does your child need extra help and are the staff willing for you (and/or a health professional if appropriate) to show them what they need to do?
  • Is the building accessible? Are physical adaptations needed to the building?
  • What equipment will be essential in order for my child to go to the provider?
  • Are staff happy to be shown how to give my child their medicine? Do they have the relevant insurance?
  • Does your child have therapy or appointments that they need to go to in the time they will be cared for and can the childcare provider take your child to these appointments?

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Help with childcare costs

There are a number of options available to help parents with paying for childcare and family finances. You may also be entitled to some additional funding through the disabled child element of Child Tax Credit if you claim Disability Living Allowance for your child.

There are two additional elements available:

  • the disabled child element £3,175 per year for each child in the family claiming Disability Living Allowance or who is registered blind.
  • the severely disabled child element £1,290 per year (on top of the disabled child element) for each child in the family claiming the highest rate care component of Disability Living Allowance.

The care component of Disability Living Allowance for children, can also be used to help pay childcare costs. This can range from £22 to £83.10 per week depending on the rate you are entitled to.

Direct payments may be made by social care after an assessment of need has been carried out. This can be used to pay for services and equipment personally, instead of having them arranged by your local authority.

Family Fund give grants to lower income families with severely disabled children aged 17 or under to help pay for things to make life easier and more enjoyable. This can include holidays, washing machines, driving lessons, computers and hospital visiting.


Help with transport

If your child has been given a placement at a specialist nursery through an Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan or Statement of Special Educational Needs (SSEN) Surrey will provide transport if they:

  • need transport for health and safety reasons
  • live more than two miles from the named placement.

Surrey's booklet Home to school transport policy – special educational needs explains the transport they provide.

If you feel you may be eligible speak to your child's SEND Case Worker in the first instance as they should be able to assist you with arranging transport.


Further reading

You can find further information about choosing, finding and paying for childcare in our Choosing childcare booklet.

Files available to download

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