Surrey is located between Heathrow and Gatwick, two of the world's busiest international airports. As a consequence, Surrey enjoys unrivalled worldwide accessibility, making it a very attractive business location with an extremely buoyant economy. The proximity of these airports also generates less desirable environmental impacts such as traffic congestion, urbanisation, noise and pollution.
In addition to the two major airports which are just outside the county border there are three small-scale aerodromes within Surrey. These are Fairoaks, Dunsfold and Redhill. There are several small airports just over Surrey's border including Biggin Hill and Farnborough airfields. These cater for private business flights and small scale freight operations. The Government is responsible for developing national policies and long-term plans for aviation. These are developed by the Department for Transport.
The Government requires airports to run Airport Consultative Committees which both Heathrow and Gatwick airports have established. These are known as the Heathrow Airport Consultative Committee (HACC) and the Gatwick Airport Committee (GATCOM). These are statutory advisory bodies, set up by each of the airport authorities, which provide a discussion forum for matters concerning the development or operation of the airport and any airport activities which might impact on airport users and on those living and working in areas affected by the airport's operation.