Surrey benefits from having many different landscape habitats which means you can discover a wide range of species of plants and wildlife. We have areas of woodland, heathland, chalk grassland, the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) and 3 waterways meandering through the county.
Just by taking a walk across your local common or down that footpath near your house throughout the seasons, you'll find many sights to behold, such as the first snowdrop in mid-winter or the first daffodil as springs starts to arrive and non-native birds start to return. Surrey has many places to visit where you can experience local wildlife and get up close to the natural environment. We have four national nature reserves, over 40 local nature reserves and many other open spaces (some of which are also designated as nature reserves) managed by a variety of conservation organisations.
What is a National Nature Reserve?
National nature reserves (NNRs) are designated by Natural England to protect the most important areas of wildlife habitat and geological formations in Britain. Surrey benefits from having four national nature reserves located at Chobham, Thursley, Ashtead and South London Downs. Thursley and Chobham NNRs have huge areas of open dry heathland, particularly beautiful when the heather is out and where you'll discover a wealth of wildlife. Ashtead Common NNR is an area of grassland with nearly 1,000 ancient oak trees which are home to many rare insects.
During 2019 Natural England has declared a 3rd National Nature Reserve (NNR) in London, namely the South London Downs NNR. The new NNR declaration was officially launched at a public event Farthing Downs in Coulsdon in July.
What is a Local Nature Reserve?
There are 42 local nature reserves (LNRs) dotted around the county, LNRs are the highest designation a local authority or parish council can give to a local green space with wildlife or geological features, in consultation with Natural England and the local community. The local authority then has to accept responsibility for the management of the site so that the features which gave the place its special interest are maintained. This is often in consultation with local community volunteer groups, 'Friends of' groups or organisations like Surrey Wildlife Trust.
In addition to all of this, we own more than 6,500 acres of countryside available for your enjoyment, much of it managed on our behalf by Surrey Wildlife Trust. Add to that land owned by local councils and organisations like the National Trust and you have a total of around 10,000 acres of public open space across the whole county. That equates to around 5,000 football pitches!
So plenty of space to visit, breathe the fresh air and discover something you didn't know existed maybe a stone's throw from your back door. You'll find out more about what makes each nature reserve distinctive by following the links below.
Wildlife projects in local parks
There are a great many parks, recreation grounds and green spaces in Surrey that belong to local councils and quite of few of them have 'Friends of local park' groups, small bands of dedicated local people who care for their parks and wildlife in collaboration with the local councils. These voluntary groups have an important part to play in overseeing all matters relating to their local park; they are often the ears and eyes for park rangers, ensuring that any maintenance needs are reported as soon as possible so that they can be dealt with swiftly. The groups also carry out their own projects to enhance our enjoyment of parks and also to support and conserve local wildlife.
In this section...
- Elmbridge Local Nature Reserves
- Epsom and Ewell Local Nature Reserves
- Guildford Local Nature Reserves
- Mole Valley Local Nature Reserves
- Reigate and Banstead Local Nature Reserves
- Runnymede Local Nature Reserves
- Surrey County Council Local Nature Reserves
- Surrey Heath Local Nature Reserves
- Tandridge Local Nature Reserves
- Waverley Local Nature Reserves
- Woking Local Nature Reserves